In our session today we Discussed at the cardiovascular station: murmurs are very important And it is expected that the candidate will be able to identify common murmurers heard in the paediatric setting. My experience is that murmurs cause a lot of anxiety and concern.

We discussed the following murmurs in context Of the exam with visual phonographic reinforcement to help remember:

  • Ventricular septal defect

  • Atrial septal defect

  • Pulmonary stenosis

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

  • Aortic stenosis

  • Aortic regurgitation

  • Aortic stenosis and Aortic regurgitation combined

  • Innocent murmur.

Also discussed basic physiology for Clinical reasoning in the exam.